Where is the most popular way for American manufac

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Where is the way for American manufacturing to return to China

after taking office, Trump talked about "made in America" all day, and also persuaded Ford, Intel and other companies to launch the factory expansion plan in the United States, which has been delayed for many years

after Trump took office, the U.S. manufacturing industry seemed to gradually begin to flow back, which made many people in the domestic electronic information manufacturing industry nervous and uneasy, but how far-reaching will this impact be? Is the electronic information manufacturing industry in China and the United States completely competitive and replaceable? At the same time, Ma Yun proposed a plan to connect millions of small and medium-sized enterprises in the United States during his visit to the United States. The industry may be different in these two things, but the motivation source is the same. In fact, this has hidden the relationship between China and the United States' electronic information manufacturing industry

1. Comparison of data of electronic information manufacturing industry in the United States

when we participated in the design and manufacturing exhibition in the central United States, we discussed and cooperated with nearly 100 local ODM, EMS or small processing plants in the United States, and found that the United States actually has a large electronic information related design and manufacturing industry. From the traditional automobile cities of Chicago, Minneapolis, all the way south to Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Atlanta and other traditional manufacturing areas, in addition to cars, especially in heavy machinery, aerospace and medical treatment, there is a good supply chain system

according to the data of the U.S. Bureau of economic analysis, the industrial output value of the electronic information manufacturing industry in the United States in 2015 was about $380billion, accounting for 1.23% of its industrial output value. According to the data of the China Bureau of statistics, in 2015, the industrial output value of enterprises with annual main business income of 20million yuan or more in China's electronic information industry was about US $13 trillion, accounting for 8.28% of its industrial output value. This data is also difficult to include all small and medium-sized electronic design manufacturers in Shenzhen, China, with a gap of about four times. It can be seen that although the United States has a large electronic information related manufacturing industry, it is still difficult to compare with China at present

although there seems to be a big gap in the data, it is worth noting that the electronic information industry in the United States is mainly at the top of the supply chain. They firmly grasp the core technology, brand, precision manufacturing and other advantageous resources. Manufacturing and other links are mainly outsourced to Asian countries, so the GDP is low. While the gross domestic product of China's electronic information industry seems to be high, it is at the downstream of the supply chain and undertakes a large number of manufacturing links with low technology content

2. It is difficult for the electronic information manufacturing industry to return to the United States for the time being.

under a number of policies of the U.S. government to promote the return of manufacturing industry, perhaps many manufacturing industries have begun to move gradually. However, China's electronic information manufacturing industry is not so easy to return, for the following four reasons:

labor costs are temporarily low: Although the salary of China's blue collar has been rising, it is only 1/8 of that of the United States. However, the wave of industrial automation in manufacturing is likely to wipe out this advantage

the complex supporting supply chain is difficult to transfer in a short time: China has been the world factory for nearly three decades, so that most electronic products in the world are printed with "made in China". The industrial supply chain established during this period is complex and huge, and it is impossible to return to the United States in a short time

skilled industrial workers and manufacturing technology are difficult to replicate in a short time: the United States has abandoned manufacturing for too long. For a long time, American technicians have been mainly engaged in R & D and design, and many universities have even closed majors and courses in manufacturing technology and manufacturing science. If you want the manufacturing industry to return, you need a large number of production and manufacturing talents and technology

industry atmosphere reason: it can be said that Shenzhen, China, has the most hardware engineers, the most positive scientific and technological atmosphere, and the strongest and most flexible production and manufacturing capacity worldwide. The people here have a high degree of enthusiasm and a positive and rapid response attitude. Whether their enterprises are booming or struggling, they rarely refuse new businesses, and most people are eager to try new things so that they can learn and grow. This is still relatively rare in the United States

3. Will Chinese enterprises prosper or decline when the backflow of manufacturing industry meets the wave of IOT

although it is not easy for the electronic information manufacturing industry to return to the United States, under the influence of a series of policies promoted by the U.S. government, the return may only be a problem sooner or later. In particular, the recent rise of the global IOT industry has brought many business opportunities to domestic design and manufacturing enterprises. Many people in the industry are beginning to worry about such a question: will the return of manufacturing industry to the United States seriously affect China's IOT industry related enterprises when the IOT wave is coming

the answer is: very difficult. In essence, the characteristics of IOT hardware are small and diverse, and the hardware accounts for about 35% of IOT services, and the rest is software and services, so hardware is not something that needs to be haggled over, and perhaps double-digit profits are the most suitable to move back to the United States for design and production. However, there are several characteristics of IOT that can not be solved by geographical production

with the increase of factors, the application of IOT is cross domain and cross technology: a complete IOT solution should integrate a variety of technologies, software, hardware and their business logic

IOT and its application are regional: the medical application of IOT in the United States must be different from that in China. 70% of the components of the same device may be the same, but it will not be like a computer, where there is a screen, a keyboard and a host

IOT hardware needs to face customers directly: the recruitment and cooperation of supplier partners are very complex, because customers' needs are no longer just what memory to install on the flat panel, how large the screen should be, and whether the shell is metal or glass. It is completely planned from scratch, without standards and architecture

considering the above problems, it is not difficult to find that the U.S. electronic information industry, which lacks downstream supply chain, manufacturing experience and a positive industry atmosphere, may not be too difficult to achieve if it only wants to meet its local demand and market. However, once you want to enter the global market, compared with relying only on local electronic enterprises in the United States, the design and manufacturing enterprises in Shenzhen, China, will be more flexible, faster and lower cost, and will be indispensable partners

4. The complex ecological cooperation demand of IOT is far greater than competition

where are the opportunities we see? Back to Ma Yun's idea: connect the world through Internet. Build and improve the IOT supply chain ecosystem through interconnection, and establish cooperation and complementarity between China and the United States in the electronic information industry. For example, China's experience and data in high-voltage power, high-speed railway and large-scale personnel management can become the core of some IOT vertical applications. At the same time, the flexible design and manufacturing capacity in Shenzhen, China, can cooperate with the combination scheme of U.S. software and hardware suppliers, so that the small-scale IOT applications in medical management, smart cities, science and technology agriculture in the United States can be extended to a larger market

just like several giant companies in the United States recently implemented smart cities and made several pilot projects. Combined with Ge, at a, Intel, advantek and other major manufacturers, combined with local software services, intelligent street lights are used to land. This is a good American pilot, but it cannot be carried out on a large scale. There are several reasons:

the landing hardware needs to be adapted to local conditions: for example, the data to be monitored in the United States is different from that in China, where PM2.5 may be a rigid demand. Street lamp structure, power system and environment are also different

data logic analysis and operation methods are different: the focus of post data collection analysis and feedback mechanism need to consider the local actual situation

software and network services are also different: at t obviously cannot enter domestic operations, and the software management system is also different

considering the above points, it is not difficult to find that domestic suppliers, especially those in Shenzhen, can provide flexible and rapid support and response in terms of hardware, overseas operators can authorize software modules and core hardware to China, and both sides can work together to attack the global market

5. Connect the cooperation between China and the United States in the IOT market through Internet

after the establishment of cloud services and business intelligence, improve the value and breadth of services through different intelligent hardware and sensors. All of these require a complete, responsive and smooth supply chain network to connect suppliers from end to end, from small to large, and across technologies and fields. At the same time, these suppliers also need to communicate and cooperate closely with customers

the concept of "made in China 2025" has been put forward in China, which clearly points out the direction of supply chain upgrading and service. In this regard, Haier has shown how home appliance factories move towards upgrading and embracing intelligence. Trump's made in USA will also promote the early implementation of smart factories. The vertical market wave of IOT is also in sight. We look forward to linking the cooperation between China and the United States in design and manufacturing through the Internet to jointly promote the goal of IOT to change the world. Only on the basis of interconnection, can partners from Silicon Valley, Ilion, Shenzhen, Beijing and other places, who take the day as the development cycle, develop and produce IOT application solutions such as intelligent health management at the same time, which determines the difference of sensors used

at the same time, Chinese design and manufacturing enterprises should also invest in this cooperation. In the cooperation, first of all, with the help of advanced technology and the experience of start-ups in the United States, improve the high-end manufacturing technology of 40 inch graphene touch screen panel developed in 2011, improve service quality and response speed, speed up industrial upgrading and transformation, and improve the comprehensive competitiveness and irreplaceable of enterprises. Therefore, it has been repeatedly emphasized that the concept of low-cost manufacturing in China needs to be changed, and Chinese enterprises also need to re understand the opportunities brought by the return of American manufacturing to China

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI