The hottest domestic policy vigorously promotes pl

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Domestic policies vigorously promote plastic recycling

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core tip: in May 2017, the Ministry of Agriculture issued the action plan for agricultural film recycling, and launched the construction of 100 demonstration counties for film treatment in Gansu, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia. Through years, the thickened film in the demonstration counties has been comprehensively promoted and used, and the recycling and processing system has been basically established In that season, the recovery rate of mulching film reached more than 80%, taking the lead in realizing the basic resource utilization of mulching film

China's current waste recycling system is facing challenges. The garbage in cities nationwide has increased from 150 million tons in 2010 to 220 million tons in 2016. Coastal provinces are the main waste generators, as well as large cities, such as Shanghai and Beijing, which is also the necessity for these cities to take the lead

the main waste treatment methods in Chinese cities are: landfill accounts for 60% and incineration accounts for 38%. This waste treatment method has a great impact on the land. Among urban garbage, food garbage accounts for more than 50%, while plastic accounts for 12%, ranking second. Therefore, local disposal of food garbage, such as composting, can greatly reduce the amount of food garbage

in the contribution of garbage to power generation, due to the high calorific value of plastic, the content of plastic is as high as 62%. Waste classification and recycling can greatly reduce the pressure on landfills and improve the recyclability

current situation of plastic production and consumption in China

according to statistics, the world's plastic output reached 359 million tons in 2018, while China has become the world's largest plastic production country, accounting for 30% of the world's output. China's plastic consumption is also the world's largest, with 60.4215 million tons of plastic products produced in 2018. China (excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) consumes 45.1 kg of plastic per capita (based on a total population of about 1.34 billion). At present, the per capita plastic consumption in developed countries in the world is mostly more than 120 kg. With the expansion of the use of plastics in electronic appliances, automobiles, plastic bags and other fields, the number of discarded products, plastic materials and plastic parts is increasing day by day

China's plastic waste output is more than 80 million tons per year, and the recycling rate is about 20%. The recycling rate of waste plastic packaging is low. The waste rate of plastic products in China was as high as 45% to 55%, but the growth rate of recycling and recycling was less than 5%

the plastic recycling industry at the back end has also developed with the import of waste plastics in China. The former profits of the resource recycling industry depended on the almost zero cost import of waste plastics and the cost of the environment. Since 2017, China has banned the import of waste plastics and strengthened environmental supervision. The collection cost of waste plastics, the cost of environment, land and labor have been difficult to support the traditional system. The industry is facing transformation. How to establish a higher quality recycling system and improve the utilization rate has become a key factor. Domestic back-end waste recycling has not yet established a complete system. China's waste recycling mainly includes municipal waste recycling, and those outside the system are mainly scavengers, who mainly recover waste plastics, packaging, containers, etc

international crude oil prices have changed since the second half of 2018. We will see the continuous decline in the price of new materials, which has broken the previous pattern that the price of recycled plastics is lower than that of new materials. This reality makes the plastic recycling industry more difficult, and it is more urgent to reduce the production and recycling of plastic from the source of plastic production

policy measures

2 at the same time ldquo; 276 working days system rdquo; It also effectively alleviates the pressure on underground production personnel. In July 2017, the State Council issued the implementation plan for prohibiting the entry of foreign garbage and promoting the reform of the solid waste import management system, which stipulates that "before the end of 2017, the import of solid waste with great environmental hazards and strong public complaints will be comprehensively prohibited; before the end of 2019, the import of solid waste that can be replaced by domestic resources will be gradually stopped." This has also triggered changes in the global plastic situation. At the same time, it is proposed that "we must speed up the construction of domestic solid waste recycling system, establish and improve the extended producer system, promote the classification of urban and rural domestic waste, and improve the recycling rate of domestic solid waste. By 2020, the domestic solid waste recycling volume will be increased from 246 million tons in 2015 to 350 million tons."

the State Council, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of industry and information technology, and the Ministry of environment have issued a series of documents in recent years to improve resource recovery. In 2017, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of housing and urban rural development issued the implementation plan for the domestic waste classification system, requiring the implementation of compulsory classification of domestic waste in 46 cities across the country. At the beginning of 2019, the State Council issued the pilot work plan for the construction of "waste free cities", proposing that by 2020, the construction index system of "waste free cities" should be systematically established, and the comprehensive management system and technical system for the construction of "waste free cities" should be explored. The pilot cities have made significant progress in the key areas and key links of solid waste, the total storage and disposal of bulk industrial solid waste is tending to zero growth, the full utilization of major agricultural waste The reduction and recycling level of domestic waste has been comprehensively improved, and a number of backbone enterprises for the resource utilization of solid waste have been cultivated. At present, the solid waste law has entered the revision process, and the domestic waste classification system has been written into the draft. In July 2019, Shanghai took the lead in garbage classification, which kicked off this garbage classification. In September 2019, the central office for deep reform issued a strong policy signal of 'opinions on further strengthening plastic pollution control'

01, agricultural film and pesticide packaging

agricultural film, as a disposable plastic that causes great damage to soil pollution, has become the focus of policy, and various ministries and commissions of the state have issued relevant action plans one after another. In May 2016, the action plan for prevention and control of soil pollution (ten articles of the earth) of the Ministry of environment proposed that "by the end of 2017, departmental regulations on the recycling and treatment of pesticide packaging waste, the soil environmental management of industrial and mining land, and the recycling and utilization of waste agricultural film will be issued. By 2020, the system of laws and regulations for the prevention and control of soil pollution will be basically established."

in May 2017, the Ministry of Agriculture issued the action plan for agricultural film recycling, which launched the construction of 100 demonstration counties for film treatment in Gansu, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia. Through years, the thickened film in the demonstration counties was fully promoted, the recycling and processing system was basically established, the recovery rate of film reached more than 80% in the current season, and the basic resource utilization of film was first realized

in November 2018, the national development and Reform Commission issued the "guiding opinions on accelerating the treatment of agricultural non-point source pollution in the Yangtze River Economic Belt", which once again mentioned strengthening the treatment and utilization of plastic film and other waste, promoting the mechanization of plastic film picking up, and promoting the recycling, processing and reuse of waste land. Carry out research and development and experimental demonstration of fully biodegradable mulching film. Strengthen the recycling and treatment of chemical packaging waste. Focusing on recycling and treatment, we will improve the reuse level of waste agricultural film and pesticide packaging waste. Establish a recycling system guided by the government, with the participation of enterprises and farmers. Promote the application of standard mulching films, and prohibit the production and use of mulching films with a thickness of less than 0.01 mm. In cities where conditions permit, film recycling will be a necessary part of the whole process mechanization of production, and mechanized recycling will be promoted in an all-round way. By 2020, the recovery rate of mulching film in key film areas in that season will reach more than 80%

the pilot work plan for the construction of "waste free city" once again puts agricultural film and pesticide packaging materials into it. According to the principle of "who buys, who returns, who sells, who collects", explore and establish systems such as pesticide packaging waste recycling incentives or user deposit return, and implement harmless treatment of pesticide packaging waste

02. Disposable plastics

the national development and Reform Commission proposed in the "leading action for circular development" to formulate and publish the catalogue and management measures of disposable consumer goods that restrict production and sales, implement classification management of products included in the catalogue, and formulate and improve relevant policies that restrict disposable consumer goods. Support the research and development of reusable alternative products. Study and formulate ecological design standards for disposable products to improve the recycling rate

"waste free city" construction pilot work plan cities, put the specifications of disposable plastics in, restrict the production, sale and use of disposable non degradable plastic bags and plastic tableware, and expand the application range of degradable plastic products. Accelerate the application of green packaging in the express industry, and basically realize the full application of environmental friendly packaging materials for local express delivery by 2020. In hotel, catering and other service industries, we should promote the use of recyclable items and restrict the use of disposable items. Create green shopping malls, sell green products and provide green services

03, producer extension system

the State Council immediately made up for the pressure on demand in February; Only charge nitrogen into the accumulator; The goal in the implementation plan of producer extension system released in December 2016 is that by 2020, the relevant policy system of producer extension system will initially take shape, the product ecological design will make significant progress, and the standard recovery and recycling rate of waste products of key varieties will reach 40% on average

by 2025, the laws and regulations related to the producer extension system will be basically perfect, the producer extension system in key areas will operate in an orderly manner, product ecological design will be widely implemented, the proportion of recycled raw materials used in key products will reach 20%, and the standard recovery and recycling rate of waste products will reach 50% on average. And take the lead in determining to implement the producer extension system for four categories of products, such as electrical appliances and electronics, automobiles, lead-acid batteries and packaging

in May 2017, the national development and Reform Commission put forward the main indicators in the leading action for circular development: by 2020, the output rate of major resources will be 15% higher than that in 2015, and the recycling rate of major wastes will reach about 54.6%. The comprehensive utilization rate of general industrial solid waste reached 73%, and the industrial output value of resource recycling reached 3trillion yuan. 75% of national parks and 50% of provincial parks carry out special transformation, such as recycling without protection and long service life. Carry out demonstration of recycling and utilization of new types of waste. Promote the recycling of new types of waste such as solar batteries, carbon fiber materials, bio based fibers, composite materials and energy-saving lamps. Promote the resource utilization of waste textiles. Choose the express industry as the starting point, carry out the pilot of packaging standardization and Classification Recycling in the logistics industry, promote the use of degradable tape, environmental protection fillers, renewable paper and packaging materials printed with environmental protection ink, and other material accessories, and encourage enterprises to recycle packaging boxes and general contracting bags to improve the recycling rate

implement the raw material substitution strategy and guide production enterprises to increase the proportion of recycled raw materials. The standards and catalogues of recycled products and recycled raw materials are issued by category, and a government priority procurement system for recycled products (remanufactured products) is established. Take the lead in promoting electrical and electronic product manufacturers to increase the proportion of recycled raw materials. Promote renewable products of construction waste, and support the use of a certain proportion of renewable products of construction waste in public buildings or roads invested by the government. We will promote the replacement of building materials with bulk solid wastes and restrict the exploitation of similar natural building materials

04. The regulatory system

"leading action for circular development" proposes to establish a credit evaluation system for circular economy of enterprises, and include the information of enterprises' performance of producer extension system, the information of safety and environmental protection of resource recycling enterprises, the quality information of recycled products and remanufactured products into the national credit information sharing platform. We will support the development of green (environmental) credit evaluation of enterprises, and the evaluation results will be made public to the public as an important basis for credit approval and post loan supervision. For enterprises with good credit records, give priority to support in terms of subsidies and preferential policies related to circular economy, establish a "blacklist" system for dishonest enterprises, and take joint disciplinary measures in accordance with laws and regulations

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